HIV- A chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). By damaging your system, HIV interferes together with your body's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. HIV is an infection transmitted through sexual activity.
HERPES- herpes genitalis may be a sexually transmitted infection caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus). This virus affects the genitals, the cervix, and skin in other parts of the body. There are two types of herpes simplex viruses: HSV-1 (Herpes Type 1) and HSV-2 (Herpes Type 2). These cases of genital herpes are typically caused by HSV-2, which is primarily transmitted through sexual contact. HSV-1, which most commonly causes oral herpes, can cause genital herpes through oral-genital contact.1
How it is caused:
Sexual transmission - HIV can happen when there is contact with infected sexual fluids (genital, rectal, or oral mucous membranes). This can happen while having unprotected sex, including vaginal, oral, and sodomy, or sharing sex toys with someone infected with HIV.
Perinatal transmission - In this, a mother can pass this infection on to her child during the time of childbirth, pregnancy, and also through breastfeeding.
Blood transmission - this is one of the dangers of transmitting HIV is through transfusion, nowadays extremely low in developed countries, because of meticulous screening and precautions. However, among injection or IV drug users, shared or reused syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood is extremely hazardous.
When Herpes simplex virus is present on the surface of the skin of an infected person it easily passes on to someone else through the moist skin which lines the anus, mouth, and genitals. The virus may also pass on to another individual through other areas of human skin, as well as the eyes. A human cannot become infected by touching an object i.e. towel, washbasin, or working surface) that has been touched by an infected person.
Herpes simplex virus leaves the skin just before a blister appears. The virus is presumed to be passed on just before the blister appears when it's visible, and until the blister is totally healed. It can still be passed on to another person when there are no signs of an outbreak (but it is less likely).If a mother with genital herpes has sores while giving birth, it is possible that the infection will be passed on to the baby. Infection can occur in the following ways:
Having unprotected vaginal or anal sex
Sharing sex toys
Having head with an individual who gets cold sores
Having genital contact with an infected person
HIV- there's currently no cure for HIV or AIDS. Treatments can slow the course of the condition - and permit most infected people the chance to measure an extended and comparatively healthy life. Early HIV treatment is crucial because it improves the standard of life, extends anticipation, and reduces the danger of transmission, consistent with the planet Health Organization's guidelines issued in June 2013. Currently, there's no vaccine or cure for HIV, but treatments have evolved which are far more effective and better tolerated - they will improve patients' general health and quality of life considerably, in as little together pill per day.
HERPES-There is no drug that can get rid of the virus. The doctor may prescribe an antiviral, such as acyclovir. It prevents the virus from multiplying. Antiviral tablets will help the outbreak clear up faster - they're going to also help reduce the severity of symptoms. Antivirals are generally given the first time a patient has symptoms. Treatment is not usually necessary when their recurrent outbreaks are milder.
HIV- To prevent being infected with HIV, healthcare professional’s advice precautions while having:
HERPES- to scale back the danger of developing or passing on genital herpes:
Use condoms while having sex
Do not have sex when symptoms are visible i.e. genital, anal, or skin-to-skin.
Do not kiss when there's a chilly sore around the mouth
Do not have many sexual partners
Some people find that being tired, stress, illness, friction against the skin, or sunbathing may trigger recurrences of symptoms. Avoiding such triggers, if they can be identified as it may help to reduce the number of recurrences.
HIV- The symptoms of early HIV infection may include:
Primary infection symptoms- Primary infection may be a term used for an epidemic of herpes genitalis that happens when an individual is first infected. Primary infection symptoms, if they are experienced, are usually more severe than later recurrences. Symptoms can last up to 20 days and may include:
Recurrent infection symptoms- These symptoms do not last long and tend to be less severe because the patient's body has built up some protection against the virus. In most cases, symptoms will not last for more than 10 days. Eventually, recurrences happen less often and are much less severe. Patients with HSV-1 will have fewer recurrences and fewer severe symptoms than people infected with HSV-2.
Burning/tingling around genitals before blisters appear
Cold sores around the mouth
Women may have blisters and ulceration on the cervix