7 Items

Set Descending Direction
  1. Generic: Carbimazole
    Equivalent Brand: Thyrocab
    120 Tablet/s
  2. Generic: Thyroxine
    Equivalent Brand: Levothyroxine
    1 Bottle/s
  3. Generic: Methimazole
    Equivalent Brand: Tapazole
    30 Tablet/s
  4. Generic: Carbimazole
    Equivalent Brand: Neomercazole
    30 Tablet/s
  5. Generic: Thyroxine sodium
    Equivalent Brand: Synthroid
    1 Bottle
  6. Generic: Liothyronine Sodium
    Equivalent Brand: Cytomel T3
    100 Tablet/s
  7. Generic: Thyroxine
    Equivalent Brand: Synthroid
    120 Tablets
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Hypothyroidism is a common thyroid disorder characterized by an underactive thyroid gland, resulting in insufficient production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones play a crucial role in regulating metabolism, energy levels, and various bodily functions. Here's an overview of hypothyroidism, its symptoms, causes, and management:

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  1. Fatigue: Persistent tiredness and lack of energy.
  2. Weight Gain: Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
  3. Cold Sensitivity: Increased sensitivity to cold temperatures.
  4. Dry Skin and Hair: Dry and coarse skin, as well as brittle hair and nails.
  5. Constipation: Slowed digestive processes leading to constipation.
  6. Muscle Weakness: Weakness and aches in muscles.
  7. Joint Pain: Pain and stiffness in the joints.
  8. Depression: Feelings of sadness or depression.
  9. Memory Issues: Difficulty concentrating and memory problems.
  10. Menstrual Irregularities: Irregular or heavy menstrual periods.

Causes of Hypothyroidism:

1. Autoimmune Thyroiditis (Hashimoto's Disease):

  • The immune system mistakenly attacks and damages the thyroid gland, leading to reduced hormone production.

2. Thyroid Surgery or Radiation Treatment:

3. Iodine Deficiency:

  • Inadequate intake of iodine, a crucial component for thyroid hormone production.

4. Medications:

  • Certain medications, such as lithium or amiodarone, can interfere with thyroid function.

5. Congenital Hypothyroidism:

  • Some individuals are born with an underactive thyroid gland.

6. Pituitary Gland Dysfunction:

  • Impaired function of the pituitary gland, which signals the thyroid to produce hormones.

Management and Treatment:

1. Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy:

  • The most common and effective treatment involves taking synthetic thyroid hormones (levothyroxine) to supplement the deficiency.

2. Regular Monitoring:

  • Regular blood tests to measure thyroid hormone levels and adjust medication dosage as needed.

3. Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Adopting a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management.

4. Iodine Supplements:

  • In cases of iodine deficiency, supplements or dietary changes may be recommended.

5. Avoid Goitrogenic Foods:

  • Some foods, like cruciferous vegetables, may interfere with thyroid function. Moderation in consumption is advised.

6. Addressing Underlying Causes:

  • If hypothyroidism is due to an underlying condition, addressing the root cause is crucial for effective management.

Prevention and Outlook:

1. Early Detection:

  • Regular check-ups and thyroid function tests can help detect hypothyroidism early, allowing for timely intervention.

2. Medication Adherence:

3. Lifelong Management:

Consultation with Healthcare Provider:

Individualized treatment plans and regular communication with a healthcare provider ensure proper management and adjustment of medication.
Hypothyroidism is a manageable condition with appropriate medical intervention and lifestyle adjustments. If you suspect you have symptoms of hypothyroidism, seek medical attention for a thorough evaluation and diagnosis.