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  1. Generic: Raltegravir
    Equivalent Brand: Isentress
    60 Tablet/s
  2. Generic: Raltegravir
    Equivalent Brand: Isentress
    60 Tablet/s
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Raltegravir is an antiretroviral medication used in the treatment of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. It belongs to the class of drugs known as integrase inhibitors. Here's an overview of Raltegravir:

1. Purpose and Indications:

  • HIV Treatment: Raltegravir is prescribed as part of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults and pediatric patients.

2. Mechanism of Action:

  • Integrase Inhibition: Raltegravir inhibits the activity of the HIV integrase enzyme, which is essential for the integration of viral genetic material into the host cell DNA.
  • Preventing Viral Replication: By blocking this step, Raltegravir helps prevent the replication of the HIV virus within human cells.

3. Dosage and Administration:

  • Individualized Treatment: Dosage is individualized based on factors such as patient weight, prior treatment history, and specific characteristics of the HIV virus.
  • Oral Administration: Raltegravir is typically administered orally, in the form of tablets or oral suspension.

4. Monitoring and Laboratory Tests:

  • Viral Load and CD4 Count: Regular monitoring of viral load and CD4 cell count is essential to assess the effectiveness of the treatment.
  • Liver and Kidney Function Tests: Routine tests for liver and kidney function are conducted to monitor for potential side effects.

5. Side Effects:

  • Common Side Effects: Common side effects may include headache, nausea, diarrhea, and fatigue.
  • Serious Side Effects: While rare, serious side effects such as severe skin reactions or liver problems may occur and require immediate medical attention.

6. Drug Interactions:

  • Cautions with Other Medications: Raltegravir may interact with other medications, and healthcare providers should be informed of all medications, including over-the-counter and herbal supplements, being taken by the patient.

7. Adherence to Treatment:

  • Importance of Adherence: Adherence to the prescribed treatment regimen is crucial for the effectiveness of Raltegravir and the overall success of HIV management.

8. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding:

  • Pregnancy Category B: Raltegravir is generally considered safe for use during pregnancy, but individual circumstances should be discussed with healthcare providers.
  • Breastfeeding: The safety of Raltegravir during breastfeeding is not well-established, and alternatives may be considered.

9. Conclusion:

Raltegravir is an important component of modern HIV treatment strategies, contributing to the suppression of viral replication and the management of the infection. As with any antiretroviral medication, it should be taken under the guidance of healthcare professionals, and regular monitoring is essential to ensure optimal treatment outcomes. Patient education on adherence, potential side effects, and interactions with other medications is a crucial aspect of the successful use of Raltegravir in HIV management.