Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

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Stavir Capsule (Stavudine) is an antiviral drug that prevents the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) virus from multiplying in the body.Zerit is another brand name for Stavudine.

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Introduction of Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

Stavudine is an antiviral drug that prevents the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) virus from multiplying in the body. This medication is used in the treatment of HIV/AIDS. Stavudine will, however, not cure the body of HIV. This medication is sold under various trade names, a couple of which are Zerit and Stavir (made by Cipla).

Uses of Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

Stavudine is used in combination with other anti-viral drugs in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. It does not cure the infection but prevents the spread of HIV and HIV-related illnesses such as suppression of immunity, cancer, and other infections.

How it works

Stavudine belongs to a group of drugs called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). It works by inhibiting the multiplication of viruses thus decreasing their levels in the infected patient.

Stavudine capsule Manufacturers: Cipla Pharma Ltd

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How should I take a stavudine capsule of 30mg?

Take Stavudine HIV/AIDS medication (Zerit, Stavir) strictly according to your doctor’s direction or according to the instructions on the medication label. Do not alter the dosage unless your doctor advises you to do so. Also, do not take this medication after the prescribed period is over. All medications come with a patient leaflet. Refer to the instructions in them for detailed information on that particular medication.
You may take Stavudine with or without food. This medicine is taken once every 12 hours normally. Maintain a fixed dosing schedule to ensure the proper amount of medicine in your body. HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of drugs. Always take the prescribed drugs as directed by your doctor. Store this medication in a cool and dry place.

Side Effects of Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

  • Some common side effects of Stavudine are headache or diarrhea. If any of these effects persist or deteriorate, seek medical attention right away. Changes in body fat deposition may occur while taking HIV medication such as increased fat deposition in the upper back and stomach areas whereas less fat in arms and legs.
  • Some people may experience deterioration of a previous medical condition as their immune system recovers, or develop new conditions due to an overactive immune system. Let your doctor know right away if you develop any new condition or if any of your existing conditions worsen.
  • Lactic acidosis has been observed in some people who took Stavudine. Initial symptoms of lactic acidosis may deteriorate over time and can prove fatal. Hence you must get medical attention right away on the first signs of lactic acidosis such as muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in the limbs, breathing trouble, stomach pain, or nausea with vomiting.
  • Stavudine can also cause severe or life-threatening damage to your liver or pancreas. Seek medical attention right away if you have any of the following symptoms of liver or pancreas damage: severe pain in the upper stomach which advances to the back, nausea and vomiting, fast heartbeats, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, or jaundice.
  • Stavudine can also cause nerve problems in the hands, feet, or legs also called peripheral neuropathy. Symptoms may include numbness, tingling, muscle weakness, or decreased muscle control. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of these side effects.
  • The side effects mentioned above are not the only ones that you may experience or witness due to Stavudine. If you get any serious side effects due to this medication, contact your doctor right away.

Interaction with Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

Certain drugs like didanosine, doxorubicin, hydroxyurea, interferon-alfa, or ribavirin. However, these are not the only drugs that can potentially interact with Stavudine. There can be others. You must inform your doctor about all the medications which you may be taking. Never start a new medication without proper medical advice.

Precautions of Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

  • Take stavudine at least one hour before food.
  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery while taking this drug as it may cause dizziness.
  • Tell your doctor before taking the stavudine if you have liver or kidney disease, peripheral neuropathy (numbness, tingling, and pain in the limbs) or pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), or if you are lactose-intolerant.
  • Inform your doctor before taking stavudine if you are taking other medications like zidovudine, didanosine, doxorubicin, hydroxyurea, or ribavirin.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you notice problems with pancreas or liver function or suffer from symptoms of lactic acidosis (you can have nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, rapid and/or deep breathing, neurological symptoms).
  • Avoid drinking alcohol while taking stavudine as it may worsen the side effects.
  • Take necessary precautions while using stavudine to prevent the spread of HIV to others.
  • Tell your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.

Frequently asked questions

Stavir Capsule (Stavudine)

Q. Can stavudine be used during pregnancy?

Stavudine should only be used if the potential benefits justify the potential risk to the baby. Please follow your doctor's advice regarding its use.

Q. Can stavudine be used during breastfeeding?

Stavudine is not safe for the baby and should not be used by women who are breastfeeding. HIV-infected women should not breastfeed their infants due to the risk of HIV transmission. Consult your doctor before taking the drug.

Q. What is stavudine used for?

Stavudine is used to prevent the spread of HIV or its related illness in the infected patient.

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More Information
Manufacturer : A. Menarini India Pvt Ltdine HCL)
Equivalent Brand : Zerit
Generic Search : Stavudine
Strength : 30 mg, 40 mg