Preterm Labor

3 Items

Set Descending Direction
  1. Generic: Hydroxyprogestrone Caproate
    Equivalent Brand: Proluton Depot
    1 Injection/s
  2. Generic: Isoxsuprine Hcl
    Equivalent Brand: Vasodilan
    50 Tablet/s
  3. Generic: Isoxsuprine Hcl
    Equivalent Brand: Vasodilan
    30 Tablet/s
per page

Preterm labor refers to the onset of regular contractions and cervical changes before the 37th week of pregnancy. It is a critical condition that requires prompt medical attention to prevent premature birth and its associated complications. Here's a comprehensive overview of preterm labor:

1. Signs and Symptoms:

  • Regular Contractions: Contractions that occur every 10 minutes or more often.
  • Pelvic Pressure: A feeling of pressure in the pelvic area.
  • Backache: Persistent lower back pain.
  • Abdominal Cramping: Cramping that may resemble menstrual cramps.
  • Vaginal Discharge: Increased vaginal discharge or changes in consistency.

2. Risk Factors:

  • Previous Preterm Birth: Individuals who have previously delivered prematurely are at a higher risk.
  • Multiple Pregnancies: Twins, triplets, or more pregnancies increase the likelihood of preterm labor.
  • Uterine or Cervical Abnormalities: Conditions affecting the uterus or cervix may contribute.
  • Infections: Infections of the reproductive or urinary tract can trigger preterm labor.
  • Certain Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, drug use, and inadequate prenatal care can elevate the risk.

3. Prevention and Early Detection:

  • Prenatal Care: Regular prenatal check-ups are crucial to monitor the health of both the mother and the baby.
  • Risk Assessment: Identifying and managing risk factors early in pregnancy.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: Maintaining a healthy diet, staying hydrated, and avoiding harmful substances.

4. Diagnosis:

  • Clinical Assessment: Healthcare providers assess symptoms, perform a physical examination, and monitor contractions.
  • Cervical Examination: Assessing the cervix for changes in length and dilation.
  • Ultrasound: To evaluate the baby's size, position, and assess amniotic fluid levels.

5. Management and Treatment:

  • Tocolytic Medications: Drugs that can temporarily halt contractions to provide time for interventions.
  • Corticosteroids: Administered to enhance fetal lung maturity if preterm birth is imminent.
  • Bed Rest: In some cases, modified bed rest may be recommended to alleviate stress on the cervix.
  • Hospitalization: Severe cases may require hospitalization for close monitoring and intervention.

6. Complications of Preterm Birth:

  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS): Premature infants may have underdeveloped lungs, leading to breathing difficulties.
  • Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH): Bleeding in the brain can occur in preterm babies.
  • Infection: Premature infants are more susceptible to infections due to underdeveloped immune systems.

7. Long-Term Outcomes:

  • Neurodevelopmental Delays: Preterm infants may be at a higher risk of cognitive and developmental delays.
  • Chronic Health Conditions: Some preterm infants may face long-term health challenges.

8. Emotional Support:

  • Counseling: Emotional support and counseling for parents facing the stress of preterm labor.
  • NICU Support: Families with infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) often require additional emotional support.


Preterm labor is a serious condition that requires immediate attention. Timely diagnosis, appropriate management, and supportive care are crucial to improving outcomes for both the mother and the baby. Regular prenatal care and awareness of risk factors play pivotal roles in preventing and addressing preterm labor.