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  1. What is the main cause of arthritis?


The two prime sorts of arthritis — osteoarthritis and atrophic arthritis — damage joints in several ways.


The most universal sort of arthritis, osteoarthritis assistant wear-and-tear damage to your joint's cartilage — the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones where they form a joint. Cartilage cushions the ends of the bones and allows practically frictionless joint motion, but enough damage may result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can appear over a few years, or it is often hastened by a joint injury or disease.

Osteoarthritis also affects the whole joint. It source changes within the bones and deterioration of the connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and hold the joint together. It also sources inflammation of the joint lining.

Rheumatoid arthritis

In atrophic arthritis, the body's system attacks the barge of the joint capsule, a troublesome membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining (synovial membrane) becomes aroused and swollen. The disease process can finally destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.

Risk factors

Risk factors for arthritis include:

Family history. Some sorts of arthritis run in families, so you'll be more expected to progress arthritis if your parents or siblings have the disorder. Your genes can generate you to more vulnerable to environmental factors which will trigger arthritis.
Age. The danger of the many arranges of arthritis — including osteoarthritis, atrophic arthritis and gout — increases with age.
Your sex. Women are more likely than men to develop atrophic arthritis, while most of the people that have gout, another sort of arthritis, are men.
Previous joint injury. People that have injured a joint, perhaps while playing a sport, are more likely to eventually progress arthritis therein joint.
Obesity. Remove waste pounds puts stress on joints, particularly your knees, hips, and spine. People with obesity have a better risk of progressive arthritis.

2. How do you get arthritis?

Arthritis may be a condition characterized by stiffness and inflammation, or swelling, of the joints. It’s not one sort of disease, but it’s a general way of pertaining to joint pain or joint diseases. Have some sort of arthritis, Trusted Source. That’s a touch over one in five Americans.

While you'll only experience mild discomfort at the start of the condition, symptoms can worsen over time. They’ll eventually cause work limitations and affect your day-to-day. While your risk for arthritis can expand with age, it’s not limited to older adults. Furthermore, there are different risk factors related to different types of arthritis.

Understanding the causes and risk factors of arthritis can assist you and your doctor takes preventive measures. This will help keep your symptoms from worsening or delay the onset of the condition.

While there are many various sorts of arthritis, the 2 major categories are osteoarthritis (OA) and atrophic arthritis (RA). Each of those arthritis types has different causes.

Wear and tear

OA is most ordinarily the result of wear and tear to the joints. Use of the joints over time can contribute to the breakdown of careful cartilage in your joints. This causes the bone to rub against the bone. That feeling are often very painful and restrict movement.


RA is when the body’s system attacks itself. Specifically, the body attacks the sheet that surrounds the joint parts. This will end in aroused or swollen joints, destruction of cartilage and bone, and ultimately pain. You’ll also experience other symptoms of inflammation, like fever and loss of appetite.


Sometimes, traumatic injury or an infection within the joints can advance the progression of arthritis. For instance, reactive arthritis may be a sort of arthritis that will follow some infections. This includes sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia, fungal infections, and food-borne illnesses.


When the body breaks down purines, a substance found in cells and foods, it forms acid. Some people have high levels of acid. When the body can’t get obviate it, the acid builds up and forms needle-like crystals within the joints. This source extreme and sudden joint point, or a gout attack. Gout comes and goes, but if left untreated it can become chronic.

Other causes

Other skin and organ conditions also can cause arthritis. These include:

psoriasis, a disease of the skin caused by excessive somatic cell turnover
Sjogren’s, a disorder which will cause decreased saliva and tears, and systemic disease
inflammatory bowel disease, or conditions that include inflammation of the alimentary canal like Crohn’s disease or colitis
Sometimes arthritis can occur with no known cause. But there also are factors that will expand your risk for all kinds of arthritis.

Age: Advanced age expansion a person’s risk for arthritis types like gout, atrophic arthritis, and osteoarthritis.
Family history: you're more likely to possess arthritis if your parent or sibling has an arthritis type.
Gender: Women are more likely to possess RA than men while men are more likely to possess gout.
Obesity: Excess weight can expansion a person’s risk for OA because it puts more pressure on the joints.
History of preceding injuries: those that have injured a joint from playing sports, from a car accident, or other occurrences are more likely to experience arthritis later.

Even if you don’t feel the symptoms, you ought to discuss your potential risks for arthritis together with your doctor. They will help provide ways to stop or delay arthritis.

3. Can arthritis be cured?

The goals of arthritis treatment are to regulate pain and other symptoms, minimize joint damage and deformities, slow the progression of the disease, and preserve physical functioning. There are many arthritis treatment options to assist with this, including medications, lifestyle changes, joint injections, surgeries, and more. You’ll likely need a mixture of treatments, and your regimen may have to vary over time.

Arthritis can't be cured, but an efficient arthritis treatment plan can assist you manage the disease.

Pain relief is one of the first goals of arthritis treatment, and most doctors recommend trying OTC solutions first. Recommended options include:

Tylenol (acetaminophen) is preferred because it's fewer side effects than a number of the opposite options. However, you want to take care to not take quite there isn't much leeway between a therapeutic dose and a toxic one which will permanently damage your liver.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Bayer (aspirin), Motrin (ibuprofen), and Aleve (naproxen) also can be used for pain relief. However, if you're taking large amounts of those or using them for an extended period of your time, you ought to ask your doctor and be monitored for side effects.

Topical skin creams with NSAIDs are an alternative choice, as is Zostrix (capsaicin/menthol) skin cream, which contains capsaicin. Capasaicin, for reference, the ingredient that creates peppers hot.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can also help with pain relief. While some units are available OTC, others may require a prescription to get them and/or to possess them covered by insurance.


Prescription medications are considered the normal treatment for arthritis. Counting on the harshness of your arthritis symptoms once you first consult your doctor, one or more medications will likely be prescribed.

Drug classes wont to treat arthritis include the subsequent.

NSAIDs/COX-2 Inhibitors

Prescription-strength NSAIDs are among the foremost commonly-prescribed and widely-used arthritis drugs. They work to alleviate inflammation also as pain. The three types include salicylates; classical NSAIDs; and COX-2 selective inhibitors.

NSAIDs work by blocking the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, also referred to as COX. COX-1 is involved in maintaining healthy tissue, while COX-2 is involved within the inflammation pathway. NSAIDs affect both forms. Celebrex (celecoxib) was the primary COX-2 selective inhibitor and is that the just one currently available within us.

NSAIDs can have side effects like indigestion, nausea, and ulcers. With the exception of aspirin, NSAIDs and COX-2 selective inhibitors also can significantly increase the danger of attack and stroke.1 many of the COX-2 selective inhibitors were far away from the marketplace thanks to this concern.

Besides Celebrex, and prescription-strength Advil (ibuprofen), and Aleve, these are samples of prescription NSAIDs wont to treat arthritis symptoms:

  • Feldene (piroxicam)
  • Indocin (indomethacin)
  • Mobic (meloxicam)
  • Clinoril (sulindac)
  • Dolobid (diflunisal)
  • Relafen (nabumetone)

4. What are the 5 worst foods to eat if you have arthritis?

While the cure for arthritis eludes life science, there are many potent treatments for the accustom. Chief among these are avoiding foods that exacerbate joint pain and dining foods that reduce it. Here are the five lowest and best foods for arthritis and joint pain.

Foods to Avoid

Trans Fats

Tran’s fats should be avoided since they will trigger or worsen infection and are very bad for your cardiovascular health. Tran’s fats are available in most processed foods like cookies, crackers, doughnuts, and nutriment. On labels, they're mentioned as “partially hydrogenated vegetable oils.”


More than just a health trend, there are good speculate to avoid gluten. Chief among them is that the connection between disorder and atrophic arthritis. A recent study published within the Oxford Journal of Rheumatology states that 41 percent of those affected by atrophic arthritis improve on gluten-free diets.

Refined Carbs & White Sugar

Simple carbs and sugar have earned themselves a nasty name over the previous couple of years, and permanently reason. These are nutrient-free toxins that the body has little or no use for. They exacerbate inflammation, and therefore the food products that contain they have a tendency to return with other of Enders like Trans fats.

Processed & Fried Foods

Fried foods are overcooked and have had all or most of their nutrients demolished. They also contain many known carcinogens. Many foods that come fried also contain a variety of heavily processed ingredients. All of those will source inflammation by triggering the body’s defense mechanisms, which can set of an arthritic flare-up.

Foods to Pursue


Nuts are an excellent source of protein for vegetarians. They also contain magnesium, zinc, vitamin-E also because the immune booster alpha-linolenic

Acid. They’re also a simple thanks to get the protein you would like to stay your alimentary canal healthy, and that they are very filling.

Garlic & Onions

Weighted with resistant-boosting properties, garlic and onions are the superhero duo of the produce section. Studies have shown that those that eat foods within the allium family, like garlic and onions, exhibit fewer signs of osteoarthritis and joint pain.


Another great source of protein and fiber, beans are a superb thanks to replace many filer foods that worsen joint pain and therefore the situation associated to it. Beans are rich in vitamin Bc, zinc, iron and potassium— all of which are known to possess important immune-boosting properties.

Citrus Fruit

Sweet, stimulating and delicious, oranges, grapefruits, lemons and limes also are valuable allies within the fight against joint pain. Not only are they rich in life-saving vitamin C, but they're also a perfect substitute for those that love sweets.

Green Tea

Known for its many health-advertise benefits, tea also can help turn the tide against arthritic conditions. Loaded with powerful antioxidants and polyphenols, tea reduces inflammation and slows the method of cartilage deterioration.

To learn more, get in-tuned with the arthritis and joint pain experts at The Rheumatology Center of the latest Jersey

5. Does exercise help arthritis?

Exercise is crucial for people with arthritis. It increases strength and adaptability, reduces joint pain, and helps battle fatigue. Of development, when stiff and painful joints are already bogging you down, the thought of walking around the block or swimming a couple of laps might sound overwhelming.

But you do not have to run a marathon or swim as fast as an Olympic competition to assist reduce arthritis symptoms. Even moderate exercise can ease your pain and assist you to maintain a healthy weight. When arthritis threatens to immobilize you, activity keeps you moving. Not convinced? Read on.

Exercise can assist you improve your health and fitness without hurting your joints. Together with your current treatment program, exercise can:

  • Strengthen the muscles around your joints
  • Help you maintain bone strength
  • Give you more energy to urge through the day
  • Make it easier to urge an honest night's sleep
  • Help you control your weight
  • Enhance your quality of life
  • Improve your balance

Though you would possibly think exercise will aggravate your joint pain and stiffness, that's not the case. Lack of activity actually can make your joints even more painful and stiff.

That's because keeping your muscles and surrounding tissue strong is crucial to managing to back of your bones. Not exercising weakens those supporting muscles, generates more stress on your joints.

Check with your doctor first

Talk to your doctor about fitting the operation into your treatment plan. What sorts of operating are best for you depends on your sort of arthritis and which joints are involved. Your doctor or a physiotherapist can work with you to seek out the exercise plan that provides you the foremost benefit with the smallest amount of aggravation of your joint pain.

Exercises for arthritis

Your doctor or physiotherapist can suggest exercises for you, which could include range-of-motion exercises, strengthening exercises, aerobics, and other activities.

Range-of-motion exercises

These exercises relieve stiffness and expand your ability to maneuver your joints through their full range of motion. These exercises might include movements like raising your arms over your head or rolling your shoulders forward and backward. In most cases, these exercises are often done daily.

Strengthening exercises

These exercises assist you build strong muscles that help backing and secure your joints. Weight training is an example of a strengthening exercise that will assist you to maintain or increase your muscle strength. Remember to avoid exercising equivalent muscle groups two days during a row. Rest each day between your workouts, and take an additional day or two if your joints are painful or swollen.

When starting a strength-training program, a three-day-a-week program can assist you to jump-start your improvement, but two days every week is all you would like to take care of your gains.

Aerobic exercise

Aerobic or endurance exercises help together with your overall fitness. They will improve your cardiovascular health, assist you to control your weight, and provides you more stamina and energy.

Examples of low-shock aerobic operate that are easier on your joints include walking, bicycling, swimming, and using an elliptical machine. Attempt to work your high to 150 minutes of moderately intense aerobics per week. You’ll split that point into 10-minute blocks if that's easier on your joints.

Moderate intensity aerobics is that the safest and best if it's done most days of the week, but even a few of days every week is best than no exercise. to work out if you're within the moderate intensity exercise zone, you ought to be ready to keep it up a conversation while exercising, though your breathing rate is going to be increased.

Other activities

Any movement, regardless of how small, can help. Daily exercise like mowing the lawn, raking leaves and walking the dog count.

Body awareness exercises, like gentle sorts of yoga, can assist you improve balance, prevent falls, improve posture and coordination, and promote relaxation. Make certain to inform your instructor about your condition and avoid positions or movements which will cause pain.

Tips to guard your joints

Start slowly to ease your joints into exercise if you haven't been operating for a short time. If you push yourself too hard, you'll overwork your muscles and worsen your joint pain.

Keep the impact low. Low shock exercises like stationary or recumbent bicycles, elliptical trainers, or exercise within the water help keep joint stress low while you progress.
Apply heat. Heat can relax your joints and muscles and relieve any pain you've got before you start. Heat treatments — warm towels, hot packs or a shower — should be warm, not painfully hot, and will be applied for about 20 minutes.
Move gently. Move your joints gently initially to warm up. You would possibly begin with range-of-motion exercises for five to 10 minutes before you progress on to strengthening or aerobic exercises.
Go slowly. Exercise with slow and straightforward movements. If you are feeling pain, take an opportunity. Sharp pain and pain that's stronger than your usual joint pain might indicate something is wrong. Hamper if you notice swelling or redness in your joints.
Ice afterward. Apply ice to your joints for up to twenty minutes as required after activity, especially after activity that sources joint swelling.