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Glucobay Tablet (Acarbose)

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100318
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Get Glucobay (Acarbose) to regulate blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes. It's an oral hypoglycemic drug that inhibits the alpha-glucosidase enzyme in the intestine, slowing carb digestion and absorption. This results in reduced glucose levels after meals. It's sometimes used with other diabetes medication or insulin.

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Glucobay 25mg Tablets (Acarbose)

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60 Tablet/s $9.50
90 Tablet/s $14.00
120 Tablet/s $18.00

Glucobay 50mg Tablets (Acarbose)

Package QTY Price Add To Cart
60 Tablet/s $9.00
90 Tablet/s $14.00
120 Tablet/s $20.05

Important Information About Acarbose (Glucobay)

Here are some important things to know about Acarbose:

Use: Acarbose is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It should be used in combination with diet and exercise to improve glycemic control.
Dosage: The recommended starting dose of Acarbose is usually 25mg three times daily with the first bite of each meal. The dose may be increased gradually as tolerated, up to a maximum of 100mg three times daily.
Side effects: Acarbose can cause side effects such as bloating, diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal pain, and nausea. These side effects are usually mild and go away with time. In rare cases, Acarbose can cause serious side effects such as liver problems and severe allergic reactions.
Precautions: Acarbose should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes, intestinal obstruction, or chronic digestive disorders. It should also be used with caution in patients with liver or kidney problems.
Interactions: Acarbose can interact with other medications such as digoxin, metformin, and thiazide diuretics. It can also interfere with the absorption of other medications such as iron, calcium, and vitamins.
Monitoring: Patients taking Acarbose should have their liver function and blood glucose levels monitored regularly. They should also be advised to report any unusual symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes, or rash.

What is Acarbose?

Acarbose is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs known as alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. Acarbose works by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates in the small intestine. It inhibits the enzyme alpha-glucosidase, which is responsible for breaking down complex carbohydrates into simpler sugars that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. By slowing down the breakdown of carbohydrates, Acarbose reduces the amount of glucose that is absorbed into the bloodstream after meals, leading to lower blood sugar levels.It is also sold as a precose medication.

Acarbose is typically used in combination with diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. It may also be used to prevent complications of diabetes such as kidney damage, nerve damage, and blindness. Acarbose is not recommended for patients with type 1 diabetes, as it may not be effective in controlling blood sugar levels in these patients. It is available under the brand name Glucobay.

 How Glucobay (Acarbose) Works

Glucobay, also known as Acarbose, works by inhibiting the enzyme alpha-glucosidase, which is responsible for breaking down complex carbohydrates into simpler sugars in the small intestine. By slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates, Glucobay reduces the absorption of glucose into the bloodstream. This leads to lower blood sugar levels after meals and improved glycemic control over time.

Normally, when carbohydrates are consumed, they are broken down into glucose in the small intestine and then absorbed into the bloodstream. This triggers the release of insulin from the pancreas, which helps to move glucose from the blood into the cells of the body, where it is used for energy. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use it effectively, leading to high blood sugar levels.

By inhibiting alpha-glucosidase, Glucobay slows down the breakdown of carbohydrates into glucose, reducing the amount of glucose that is absorbed into the bloodstream. This helps to lower blood sugar levels after meals and improve overall glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Before taking Acarbose Glucobay what should we do

Before taking Acarbose, there are several things you should do:

  • Consult with your doctor: Talk to your doctor about your medical history, including any allergies or other medical conditions you have. Inform your doctor about all the medications, supplements, and vitamins you are taking to avoid any interactions.
  • Follow the instructions of your doctor: Follow the dosing instructions and other advice given by your doctor or pharmacist. Do not take more or less of the medication than prescribed, and do not stop taking it without consulting your doctor.
  • Get your blood glucose levels checked: Your doctor may want to check your blood glucose levels before starting you on Acarbose and regularly thereafter to monitor your response to the medication.
  • Check your liver function: Acarbose may affect liver function, so your doctor may want to perform liver function tests before and during treatment.
  • Plan a healthy diet: It is important to follow a healthy diet that is low in simple sugars while taking Acarbose. Your doctor or a registered dietitian can help you plan a healthy diet that is appropriate for your condition.
  • Inform about pregnancy and breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before taking Acarbose. The safety of Acarbose during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not known, so your doctor will weigh the benefits and risks before prescribing the medication

Uses of Glucobay (Acarbose)

Glucobay, also known as Acarbose, is a medication used to treat Type 2 Diabetes by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates in the body. Here are some uses of Glucobay:

  • Lowering blood sugar levels: Glucobay is used to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. It works by inhibiting the enzyme responsible for breaking down carbohydrates in the small intestine. This slows down the absorption of glucose, leading to lower blood sugar levels after meals.
  • Improving glycemic control: Glucobay is used to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. By slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates, it helps to reduce the rise in blood sugar levels after meals.
  • Preventing complications of diabetes: Glucobay can help prevent complications of diabetes such as kidney damage, nerve damage, and blindness. By controlling blood sugar levels, it reduces the risk of these complications.
  • Weight management: Glucobay may be used to help with weight management in patients with type 2 diabetes. It can reduce the absorption of calories from carbohydrates, leading to a reduction in weight.

It is important to note that Glucobay is not a substitute for a healthy lifestyle, and it should be used in conjunction with a healthy diet and exercise regimen. It is also not recommended for patients with type 1 diabetes, as it may not be effective in controlling blood sugar levels in these patients.

Acarbose Side Effects

Acarbose can cause side effects, like all medications. Here are some common side effects associated with Acarbose:

  • Gastrointestinal symptoms: Acarbose slows down the breakdown of carbohydrates in the intestine, which can lead to gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort.
  • Hypoglycemia: Acarbose can cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), especially if taken with other diabetes medications or insulin.
  • Elevated liver enzymes: Acarbose can cause temporary elevations in liver enzymes, which usually return to normal with continued use of the medication.
  • Allergic reactions: Rarely, Acarbose can cause allergic reactions, such as skin rash, itching, hives, and swelling of the face, tongue, or throat.

If you experience any of these side effects while taking Acarbose, talk to your doctor. They may adjust your dose or recommend other treatments to manage your symptoms.

In rare cases, Acarbose can cause more serious side effects, such as liver damage or anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction). If you experience any unusual symptoms while taking Acarbose, such as yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, persistent nausea or vomiting, or difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical attention.

It is important to take Acarbose only as prescribed by your doctor and to report any side effects or concerns to your healthcare provider. They can provide you with personalized advice based on your individual situation.

How Should I Take Acarbose?

Acarbose should be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Here are some general guidelines for taking Acarbose:

  • Take with meals: Acarbose should be taken with the first bite of each main meal.
  • Follow the dosing instructions: The usual starting dose is 25mg three times daily. Your doctor may adjust the dose depending on your response to the medication. The maximum recommended dose is 100mg three times daily.
  • Do not crush or chew: Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew the tablets.
  • Follow a healthy diet: Acarbose is most effective when taken in combination with a healthy diet that is low in simple sugars. Your doctor or a registered dietitian can help you plan a healthy diet that is appropriate for your condition.
  • Keep taking it: Acarbose should be taken regularly as prescribed by your doctor, even if you feel well. Do not stop taking the precose medication without consulting your doctor.
  • Regular check-ups: Your doctor will monitor your blood glucose levels and liver function regularly while you are taking Acarbose.
  • Store properly: Store Acarbose tablets at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light.

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you have any questions or concerns about how to take Acarbose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

What Happens If I Miss A Dose Of Acarbose?

If you miss a dose of Acarbose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

It is important to take Acarbose regularly as prescribed by your doctor to get the most benefit from it. Missing a dose occasionally may not significantly affect your blood sugar levels, but it is important to take the medication consistently to keep your blood sugar levels under control.

If you have any questions or concerns about how to take Acarbose or what to do if you miss a dose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. They can provide you with personalized advice based on your individual situation.

What If I Overdose On Albenza?

If you suspect an overdose of Acarbose, seek immediate medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Symptoms of an Acarbose overdose may include severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort, and possible liver damage.

Treatment for an Acarbose overdose may involve administering glucose or a sugar solution to raise blood sugar levels, and other supportive measures as needed to manage symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

It is important to take Acarbose only as prescribed by your doctor and to follow the recommended dosing instructions carefully to avoid the risk of overdose. If you have any questions or concerns about how to take Acarbose or what to do in case of an overdose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

What Should I Avoid While Taking Acarbose?

While taking Acarbose, there are certain things you should avoid to prevent unwanted interactions or side effects. Here are some things to avoid:

  • Alcohol: Drinking alcohol while taking Acarbose can increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). It is important to limit or avoid alcohol consumption while taking Acarbose.
  • Simple sugars: Acarbose works by slowing down the breakdown of complex carbohydrates in the intestine, but it does not affect the breakdown of simple sugars. Consuming foods or drinks that contain simple sugars, such as candy, soda, and fruit juice, can increase the risk of hypoglycemia.
  • Medications: Some medications can interact with Acarbose, including digestive enzymes, certain antibiotics, and medications used to treat high blood pressure. It is important to inform your doctor about all the medications, supplements, and vitamins you are taking before starting Acarbose.
  • Pregnancy and breast-feeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before taking Acarbose. The safety of Acarbose during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not known, so your doctor will weigh the benefits and risks before prescribing the medication.
  • Driving and operating machinery: Acarbose can cause dizziness or lightheadedness, which can affect your ability to drive or operate machinery. It is important to be cautious when performing activities that require alertness until you know how Acarbose affects you.

If you have any questions or concerns about what to avoid while taking Acarbose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. They can provide you with personalized advice based on your individual situation.

 

Acarbose Interaction with other drugs

Acarbose can interact with other drugs, including prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, and herbal supplements. Here are some medications that may interact with Acarbose:

  • Digestive enzymes: Taking digestive enzymes, such as amylase or pancreatin, with Acarbose can decrease the effectiveness of the medication.
  • Other diabetes medications: Taking Acarbose with other diabetes medications, such as insulin or sulfonylureas, can increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
  • Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers, which are used to treat high blood pressure and other heart conditions, can mask the symptoms of hypoglycemia.
  • Oral contraceptives: Acarbose can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives, so it is important to use additional contraception methods while taking Acarbose.
  • Warfarin: Acarbose can increase the effects of warfarin, a blood thinner used to prevent blood clots.
  • Other medications: Acarbose can interact with other medications, such as antibiotics, antacids, and medications used to treat heartburn or reflux.

It is important to inform your doctor about all the medications, supplements, and vitamins you are taking before starting Acarbose. They can check for potential interactions and adjust your dose or recommend other treatments if necessary.

If you have any questions or concerns about the potential interactions between Acarbose and other medications, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. They can provide you with personalized advice based on your individual situation.

More Information
Manufacturer : Zydus Pharma, India
Equivalent Brand : Precose
Generic Search : Acarbose
Strength : 25mg and 50 mg