Commonly called blood thinners, anticoagulants prevent, reduce or eliminate the blood’s natural ability to clot. Each year, nearly a million people worldwide need to take anticoagulants. The reasons for taking these life-saving drugs vary from individual to individual. The anticoagulants  tablet can help prevent the formation of life-threatening blood clots in the heart, blood vessels and other vital organs of an individual. If left untreated, the blood clots can block the blood circulation in the body, thereby increasing the chances of a heart attack or stroke. Different types of anticoagulant drugs are available in the market. Some come in tablet form can be taken by mouth, others can be given by injection.

WHAT DOES ANTICOAGULANTS ( BLOOD THINNERS) DO?

As previously mentioned, anticoagulants or blood thinners are meds that don't actually turn your blood thinner. But they can help stop the formation of blood clots, stop the existing blood clots from getting bigger and prevent clots from traveling to the other body parts. Without proper treatment, the blood clots can get into the blood vessels and cause a store or heart attack. The outcomes of all such conditions may be very dangerous. Therefore, in case the risk is high, anticoagulants (blood thinners) are used to minimize the risk.

REASONS FOR TAKING  ANTICOAGULANTS

Anticoagulants are generally taken by individuals:

  • With irregular heartbeats

  • With an artificial heart valve

  • Who previously had a heart attack or have a heart disease

  • Who have a history of the abnormal history of blood clotting

  • Who has a problem with blood circulation

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS AND RISKS

Like other medicines, there is a number of side-effects associated with anticoagulant drugs or blood thinners, some of them can be quite serious. Call your doctor or rush to the hospital immediately if you notice any of the below listed symptoms while taking these meds. 

  • Purple Toes

  • Too heavy periods

  • Hair loss

  • diarrhea

  • Coughing or throwing up blood

  • Dizziness

  • Excessive bleeding

  • Brown or red colored urine

  • Rashes on your skin

  • A severe headache

YOUR DOCTOR CAN HELP

Any medicine or drug, if not taken the same way as directed by the physician, can cause side effects. Also, it’s extremely important that you take these medicines at the same time every day.  So, if you miss a dose or have any concerns about taking anticoagulant drugs or blood thinners long or short term, speak with your doctor.